Track 1: PHARMACOLOGY
Pharmacology is the science of drugs that deal with chemistry, composition, properties, uses, and action of drugs. It is a study of biochemical and physiological effects of drugs on humans. It deals with the research, discovery, and characterization of chemicals which shows the biological effects and the illumination of cell and organism function in relation to these chemicals. The Pharmacology encompasses mechanisms of drug action, drug composition and properties, interactions, toxicology, therapies, medical applications, and antipathogenic capabilities.
Track 2: TOXICOLOGY
Toxicology is a scientific study of the adverse effects occurs in the living organisms due to the chemicals. Toxicology is a discipline which overlaps with biology, chemistry, pharmacology, and medicine, that involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms.The relationship between the dose and its effects on the exposed organism is of high significance in the toxicology. It includes chemical toxicity include the dosage, route of exposure, species, age, sex, and environmental agents, chemical compounds found in nature, as well as pharmaceutical compounds that are synthesized for medical use by humans. These substances may produce toxic effects on living organisms including disturbance in growth patterns, discomfort, disease, and death.
Track 3: PHARMACOKINETICS AND PHARMACODYNAMICS
Pharmacodynamics is a study of the effect of the drug has on the body; while pharmacokinetics is the way in which drugs move through the body during absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. It is a study of what body does to the drug and it influences decisions over the route of administration. For drugs to produce their effects they must interact with the body. This can happen in many ways and depends on the properties of the drug. Pharmacokinetics influences decisions over the route of administration. The processes that occur after drug administration can be broken down into four distinct areas (known as ADME).
Track 4: CLINICAL AND MEDICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Clinical Pharmacology is a science of drugs and their clinical use. It is the basic science of pharmacology, with an added focus on the application of pharmacological principles and quantitative methods in the real world. Clinical pharmacology connects a gap between the medicinal and laboratory sciences. The objective is to promote the safety of prescriptions, maximize the drug effects and minimize the side effects
Track 5: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY / NEUROPHARMACEUTICS
Neuropharmacology is an extremely wide district of science that envelops numerous parts of the sensory system from single neuron control to whole regions of the mind, spinal string, and fringe nerves. It is a study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavioral changes. Molecular neuropharmacology includes the investigation of neurons and their neurochemical collaborations, and receptors on neurons, with the objective of growing new medications that will regard neurological disarranges, for example, torment, neurodegenerative sicknesses, and mental issue.
Track 6: PHARMACOVIGILANCE
Pharmacovigilance is the pharmacological science relates to the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. It is also called as drug safety. Pharmacovigilance is consistent checking of undesirable impacts and other security-related medications that are currently developing coordinating markets.
Track 7: Drug Toxicology and Drug Interaction
The drug toxicology plays a very vital role in assessing the safety of the drug. The developing branch of toxicology is the drugtoxicology which involves the toxicity testing of the drug from the pre-clinical studies to the post-market studies. Drug toxicologists work on the safety assessment of the drug at each step of the drug manufacture. The drug toxicologists play an important role in the drug safety and risk assessment. The drug interaction occurs when the effect of one drug is altered by the other drug or any food supplement is taken that time. Drug interaction may be drug-food or drug-drug interaction. It can also synergistic or antagonistic drug interaction. In pharmacokinetic drug interaction, the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of a drug is altered by other drugs or any food item. This type of drug interaction may further affect the therapeutic effects or toxic effect of the drug. In pharmacodynamics, pharmacological effects of a drug may alter, as this type of drug interaction is related to target body organ.
Track 8: PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION
The chemical substances and active drug combine together to form a medical drug. This process involves the production of drug which characterized by stability and acceptable to the patient. Besides that, in case of synthesis of an oral medication (tablet or capsule) contains a variety of ingredients besides the drug itself; it is an obligation to be sure that all these ingredients must be incorporated with each other. It is important to do a lot of formulation studies to detect the point of incorporation. Besides, that formulation studies must focus on other factors like particle size, polymorphism, pH, and solubility, to check whether these factors will affect the bioavailability of the drug or not.
Track 9: DRUG DISCOVERY AND DRUG DEVELOPMENT
In the field of pharmacology, biotechnology, and medicine by which the new medications are screened and developed. The drug screening deal with reverse pharmacology and forward pharmacology are two approaches to drug discovery. It is the process through which potential new medicines are identified. It involves a wide range of scientific disciplines, including biology, chemistry and pharmacology, screening of chemical libraries and its pharmacology methods to determine biological targeting, by systematically perturbing and interrogating biological pathways with synthetically novel chemical tools, preclinical validation of target biology is beginning to illuminate a more cost-effective and efficient paradigm for the development of novel drugs modulating novel targets.
Track 10: NOVEL TARGETED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM
The field of therapeutics has been radically transformed by the advent of novel techniques for drug delivery. Targeted or site-specific drug delivery refers to place the drug to the desired body tissue. In this delivery system dose of medicament is reduced as its required concentration is increased at the target site only, hence it also minimizes the side effects of the drug and improve its therapeutic efficacy. Quantum dot, Transdermal devices are some of the aspects of targeted drug delivery. Pulmonary drug delivery routes are increasing importance
Track 11: DRUG SAFETY AND RISK ASSESSMENT
Risk assessment is a methodical investigation that we carry out for the persistence of classifying the important risks that are present. Risk assessments are very significant as they form an essential part of a virtuous occupational health and safety management strategy. They help to make consciousness of exposures and risks. Identify them who may be at risk. The identification, assessment, and valuation of the levels of risks complicated in a situation, their assessment against standards, and determination of an acceptable level of risk. Toxicology data helps to determine the risk of exposure to certain chemicals. The practices of risk assessment are used to assess the related health risks to provide a scientific basis for regulatory standards development and risk management decision making for human health protection. The presence of chemicals in our environment is a subject of deep interest owing to the many potential adverse health effects to humans following exposure to these chemicals. The risk-assessment process incorporates many disciplines of Toxicology.
Track 12: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY
Food protection is an area concerned with handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness. The food and drug toxicology are engaged in involving food safety, drug toxicity, and safety, nutritional management of chronic illnesses, preclinical toxicology of drug components, biotech products developed indigenously. Biochemical food safety is the most important study of bioactive components in food. Toxic materials in food are to be determined to assess its quality. This is achieved by developing accurate analytical methods. This mainly involves separation of a toxic material from the food and then assessing the percentage of it present. Food toxicity is mainly exposed due to the distaste associated. Food safety council has advocated techniques such as decision tree approaches to minimize the usage of animals and to decrease the time requirements
Track 13: ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY
Environmental Toxicology is the investigation of effects of contaminations on the structure and capacity of biological communities. It does exclude the regular poisons, additionally the synthetic chemicals and their impact on the earth. It relies on upon the impacts of the toxicants on the organic chemistry and physiology. The principle motivation behind the natural toxicology is to recognize the mode/site of the activity of a xenobiotic. It additionally incorporates how the chemicals travel through biological systems and how they are consumed and metabolized by plants and creatures, the instruments by which they cause illness, result in inherent deformities, or toxin living beings.
Track 14: PHARMACEUTICAL ANALYSIS
Analytical methods needed to be validated to provide reliable data for regulatory submissions. These methods are important for several purposes, including testing for QC release, testing of stability samples, testing of reference materials and to provide data to support specifications. The complete information about the product development and validation procedures which will be required in the development of the pharmaceutical products
Track 16: APPLIED & SYSTEMS PHARMACOLOGY
The delineation of clinical use of medications alongside its utilization in therapeutic practice can be characterized as Applied pharmacology. It gets to the information acquired from the clinical trials, clarify the drug interaction and characterize the activity of different drugs in diseased condition. System pharmacology dissimilar to different investigations not just considers the impact of a drug at one particular medication protein response yet additionally considers the impact of the medication with system of communications, for example, chemical protein, protein-protein, genetic and physiological interactions.
Track 17: PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY AND PHARMACOECONOMICS
The uses and effects, the beneficial and harmful of the prescription and over the counter drugs, vaccines, biologics and medical devices in humans are studied by the application of epidemiologic reasoning, methods and knowledge in the area of pharmacoepidemiology by the epidemiologists. Earlier, pharmacoepidemiology was primarily concentrated with post-marketing studies of drug safety. Nearly for past 15 years, this field has focused towards the problems and the questions arising in drugs and vaccine development in health service, to be more specific it is about the observational studies about the intended effects.
Track 18: PHARMACOGENETICS AND PHARMACOGENOMICS
Late advances in DNA fix are DNA interstrand cross-joins are wounds caused by an action of endogenous metabolites, natural exposures, and enhancement chemotherapeutic experts that have two responsive get-togethers. The general portion of these unmistakable wounds is that two nucleotides on transform strands are joined covalently. Mutagenicity and contamination causing nature are obviously related. The liberal change speculation of illness holds that these stars cause enhancement by causing the distinction in physical cells. An extraordinary piece of between strand cross-joins fix is that the two strands of DNA must be cut to inside and out expel the sore. Solution dosing rules accomplished in continuous steps to anticipate making distinctive twofold strand breaks.
Track 19: VETERINARY TOXICOLOGY
Veterinary toxicology is the procedure of assessment of toxicities and lacks in an organism, recognizable proof, and portrayal of poisons, assurance of their destiny in the body and treatment of toxicities. The ongoing overall sullying of melamine in pet and swine feed, pet jerky treats causing ailment and passing, and worries with the utilization of ?-agonists in sustenance creatures show the pertinence of veterinary toxicology with the current animal health and food safety. It tends to be challenging because of low recurrence of cases saw in a practice setting.